Even viruses have the capacity for group identity and cooperation however those viruses that stably colonize bacteria can directly affect the group identity of their host starting with this virus host relationship this book traces the origin and evolution of group identity. This book examines how genetic parasites and addiction modules have been involved in the origin of toxins antitoxins modules as systems of group identity it traces the evolution of biological identity systems from molecules to human social structure. Origin of group identity viruses addiction and cooperation by luis p villar r eal paperback published 2014 by springer isbn 13 978 1 4899 9040 2 isbn 1 4899 9040 2 origin of group identity viruses addiction and cooperation by lui s p . The ability of a virus to persist is a transforming event for host population survival and requires specific mechanisms and strategies these viral derived mechanisms however provide new mechanisms of immunity and identity for the host i am now tracing how viruses have contributed to host group survival from bacteria to human social evolution
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